Sicily is a large, triangular shaped island located in the Mediterranean Sea. It is separated from the mainland of Italy by the Strait of Messina. The autonomous region of Sicily also includes the Aegadian Islands, the Aeolian Islands, Pantelleria, and Lampedusa.
The island is known for its rugged, volcanic topography, history, culture and architecture.
Catania is Sicily’s second largest city. It’s represented by three main characteristics: its charming architecture, magnificent coastline, and the one spectator who has observed Catania’s centuries of changes, Mount Etna.
Catania lies in a delightful geographical position between the Ionian Sea and the slopes of Mount Etna. Sicily’s second city has always had a close relationship with the volcano. Subjected to Mt. Etna’s temperament, much of Catania’s history is linked to its volcanic neighbor. The city was built by natural and geophysical elements, and most of the city’s buildings are made from Etna’s black lava. The city was repeatedly destroyed over the centuries by eruptions and earthquakes.